Wounded Knee Massacre 123 Years Ago: We Remember Those Lost

by Levi Rickert, Native News Online, Dec 28, 2013

An iconic photo from the 1890 massacre at Wounded Knee of a dead and frozen Big Foot.

An iconic photo from the 1890 massacre at Wounded Knee of a dead and frozen Big Foot.

One hundred and twenty-three winters ago, on December 29, 1890, some 150 Lakota men, women and children were massacred by the US 7th Calvary Regiment near Wounded Knee Creek on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Some estimate the actual number closer to 300.

Snowfall was heavy that December week. The Lakota ancestors killed that day were left in brutal frigid wintry plains of the reservation before a burial party came to bury them in one mass grave. The photograph of Big Foot’s frozen and contorted body is a symbol for all American Indians of what happened to our ancestors.

Some of those who survived were eventually taken to the Episcopal mission in Pine Ridge. Eventually, some of them were able to give an oral history of what happened. One poignant fact of the massacre has remained in my mind since first reading it, and every time I think about Wounded Knee, I remember this:

“It was the fourth day after Christmas in the Year of Our Lord 1890. When the first torn and bleeding bodies were carried into the candlelit church, those who were conscious could see Christmas greenery hanging from the open rafters. Across the chancel front above the pulpit was strung a crudely lettered banner: “Peace on earth, good will to men,”

writes Dee Brown in “Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee.”

There was no peace on earth for the Lakota four days after Christmas.

US soldiers with a Hotchkiss machine gun, Wounded Knee 1890.

US soldiers with Hotchkiss machine guns, Wounded Knee 1890.

Later, as absurd as it may sound, some 20 US Calvary soldiers were given the Medal of Honor – for killing innocent Lakota men, women and children. What an insult to those who lost their lives. What an insult to humanity.

The Wounded Knee Massacre is a symbol for all American Indians of what happened to our ancestors.

History records the Wounded Knee Massacre was the last battle of the American Indian war. Unfortunately, it is when most American history books drop American Indians from history, as well. As if we no longer exist.

A mass grave at Wounded Knee, 1890.

A mass grave at Wounded Knee, 1890.

Fortunately, American Indians have survived – one generation after another – since Wounded Knee. It is for us who remain to remember our ancestors as we make for a better life for those we encounter today. We are also taught to prepare for the next seven generations, but as we do, we must remember our ancestors.

We remember those ancestors lost on December 29 — 123 winters ago.


Posted on December 29, 2013, in Colonization and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink. 6 Comments.

  1. Douglas Whitbeck

    Nothing I can say would ever atone for what my people did on that day, or the way they treated your ancestors, or the way your rights are being disregarded even today. I do hope you can accept there are those who would join your fight against the greed that threatens all life on this planet. For what my one voice is worth, I salute your stand on the front line of this battle. This is a fight we MUST win.

  2. shiibahahshiie,naybahgwashii munkikwe,ahnunghoos,bwffa

    123 years ago? All things are still going on with Our People only it is much more subtle.

  3. John L Singleton

    My eyes aren’t able to see things as clear as they used to . But I haven’t been able to see any of the weapons the army was trying to take away from the natives in any of the photos I’ve looked at. Maybe the soldiers were so scared of retaliation from the “SPIRIT WORLD” raised by the native “GHOST DANCE” they buried them as fast as they could, faster than the camera Lens !!!

  1. Pingback: 123 years after Wounded Knee massacre | Dolphin

  2. Pingback: Wounded Knee Massacre 123 Years Ago: We Remember Those Lost | Warrior Publications | Mexika Resistance

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